Many women are facing breast and nipple pain. Although these pains are common and usually should not cause concern, there are situations in which a nipple pain can indicate a serious illness. If you notice any nipple discharge, accompanied by severe pain and fever, you need urgent medical attention.
Below are the most common reasons of nipple pain
Puberty and breast development
Breast development is the first sign of puberty, time when body goes through a lot of hormonal transformations. Mammary glands and fat tissue begin to grow and nipples become inflamed. Because of these changes, breasts become more sensitive and nipple pain occurs. When first period starts, pain can increase.
The day of ovulation is not fixed in the middle of the cycle, but it varies from one cycle to another.
Before, during or after ovulation, some women experience breast pain and sore nipples. The reasons are multiple. During ovulation, a woman’s body prepares for a possible pregnancy, so the mammary glands grow because they will produce milk. Secondly, the increasing levels of post-ovulation progesterone increase water retention in the body, including the breast area, causing skin stretching and pain.
After giving birth, estrogen and progesterone levels continue to rise, which increases breast sensitivity. More specifically, estrogen causes breast growth and progesterone causes water accumulation. All these changes prepare the breasts for breastfeeding.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
High levels of estrogen and progesterone deficiency may contribute to breast tenderness and nipple pain in women suffering from premenstrual syndrome.
Postmenopausal syndrome is caused by frequent hormonal fluctuations, leading to numerous physical and psychological ailments. These include breast tenderness, irregular periods, hot flashes, headaches, bloating, mood swings, extra kilos. Menopause occurs when ovulation and menstruation end. During this period, the level of progesterone is very low, while the level of estrogen increases considerably. This explains the sensations breast and nipple pain.
Other causes of breast pain and sore nipples:
– exercising (nipples rubbing against the running clothing)
– fatty acids imbalances
– medications (especially contraceptives and some antidepressants)
Paget’s disease of the breast
Paget’s disease is a serious problem that can generate symptoms such as sensitive, reddish, painful and itchy nipples. This is a rare form of breast cancer and if you deal with this problem require medical attention immediately.